5 Carpet Cleaning Methods to Consider

December 20, 2018

Cleaning Tips and Tools

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Opening a carpet cleaning business can be a very lucrative career move. All you need to do next is get your hands on the right machines, such as pressure washing equipment, truck mounted and portable carpet cleaning machines and commercial steam cleaners. The opportunities are endless once you have gear up with all the best tools. You can provide your customers a variety of services, including tile cleaning, carpet cleaning, upholstery cleaning and pressure washing. Consider specializing in water damage restoration, stain removal and grout cleaning as well.

Carpet cleaning is best performed with truck mounted machines, depending on the location. If you are entering into a multi-story building, then a portable carpet cleaner would suffice. There are multiple methods you can utilize to clean carpets. The following are five techniques that have been used over time.

Hot Water Extraction

Another name for this is steam cleaning. You can find great quality commercial carpet steam cleaners on Steam-Brite.com. This method requires you to spritz the carpet with a pre-spray, then agitate it using a machine with brushes or manually with a wand. Afterward, you hot water rinse the area to remove the soil and soap. The wand vacuums up the hot water that’s sprayed out in order to remove the pre-spray. You’ll need to determine whether the carpet is natural or synthetic, so that the proper solutions are utilized. Make sure to have air flow to help dry the carpets. This method uses a lot of water, so the carpets will be very wet. Fans can also help with drying times. A truck mounted carpet cleaning machine has a lot of suction and can help remove majority of the water from carpets.

Dry Compound

This consists of products that are 98 percent biodegradable. You spread this over the carpet in an even layer and then scrub or brush it in. The compound attracts dirt and grime, cleaning carpets immediately without water. For commercial applications, a cylindrical counter-rotating brush system is normally used.


This process emerged in the 1990s. It encapsulates or crystallizes soil particles, turning them into dry residue upon contact. In a sense, these act like tiny sponges, dissolving and then absorbing soil from the carpet before being removed. A cleaning solution is then applied using either a brush applicator, rotary machine or compression sprayer. The dry residue can be vacuumed up before the cleaning process begins.


In this method, you spray the surface of the carpet with a pre-spray, then scrub it in using a bonnet or round buffer. It uses a rotation motion, similar to a floor buffer. It features absorbent spin pads that attract soil, which is then rinsed repeatedly. Water is used during this process, and can take a considerable amount of time to dry. It’s important to note that this procedure only addresses the top third layer of the carpet. It’s a quick solution and isn’t recommended for deep cleaning, such as for removal of stains and odors.


This is the older method for cleaning carpets, which came about during the 1970s. This soon changed once encapsulation products and hot water extraction came to market. The shampoo consisted of coconut oil soaps, which create a foamy or sticky residue. This was a problem, since it attracts dirt and cause carpets to become dirty quickly. You rarely find this method being used anymore.